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sunny托福阅读就该这么做之突破句子简化题 第二讲

发布时间:2016-07-22    人气:5552   
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本期亦鸥热心网友sunny0209将为大家带来系列课程《托福阅读就该这么做》第二讲:突破句子简化题2

本讲解主要内容来源于:TPO30 The Pace of Evolutionary Change

1. 标示句讲解

In 1972 paleontologists Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge challenged conventional wisdom with an opposing viewpoint, the punctuated equilibrium hypothesis, (which posits that species give rise to new species in relatively sudden bursts, without a lengthy transition period. )

主要信息点2个:

★ a) In 1972 paleontologists Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge challenged conventional wisdom with an opposing viewpoint,
★ b) the punctuated equilibrium hypothesis, (which posits that species give rise to new
species in relatively sudden bursts, without a lengthy

2. 答案解析

Which of the following sentences best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? In correct choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
A)The punctuated equilibrium hypothesis challenged gradualism,( which holds that species evolve in relatively sudden bursts of brief duration.)
B)The punctuated equilibrium hypothesis (developed by Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge )was challenged in 1972.
C)In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge challenged gradualism by positing that change from one species to another cannot occur without a lengthy transition period.
D)The punctuated equilibrium hypothesis, in opposition to gradualism, holds that transitions from one species to another occur in comparatively sudden burst.

3.句句有料

1. challenged conventional wisdom with an opposing viewpoint
challenge xxx with an opposing viewpoint
例句: In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould and Niles Eldredge challenged gradualism by positing that change from one species to another cannot occur without a lengthy transition period.
改写用于综合写作:The professor challenged the reading’s argument with an opposing viewpoint +从句
2.give rise to :cause , induce , suggest 引发, 引起,导致, 使人想到give rise to new species
give way 让步 屈服 坍塌 让..在先 被取代
3.in relatively sudden bursts
4.The punctuated equilibrium hypothesis, in opposition to gradualism, holds that transitions from one species to another occur in comparatively sudden burst.
In opposition to +名词 和…相反
改写用于综合写作 :The reading’s argument ,in opposition to the professor, holds that….
5. suffix 后缀-en构成动词
-加在形容词后表示“使成为,使更加”
例:length n. lengthy adj. 冗长的 lengthen v. 使延长,边长
Wide adj. widen v. deep adj. n. adv. Deepen v.
Fast adj. adv. fasten v. Moist adj. moisten v.
- 加在名词后 例:happen v. strengthen v.
前缀改变词义 , 后缀改变词性

4. 有问有答

我在写综合写作的时候表述reading 或者professor的观点和态度时不知道怎么选择适合的词?

今天Sunny 总结三类表观点和态度的词,其他类型的词我们以后接触到会再总结,希望大家在平时的阅读和听力中多总结。对这些词的敏感会对我们的口语,写作,听力都很有帮助

Disagreement :
challenge refute dispute oppose
disagree with contrast with disprove show the opposite give a different opinion argue that something is wrong argue the opposite give a different option

doubtful :
posits assume imply predict propose suggest suspect
neutrality:
hold describe explain list outline indicate suggest infer to point out illustrate

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#1 发表于:2016-10-20 [回复]
楼主好声音
#2 发表于:2016-09-10 [回复]
To:#peipeiwu5#:谢谢你的鼓励和认可。语言的学习的确是扎扎实实的积累,从单词量,语法,句型,文章段落解构,到文章谋篇布局。理解文章的解构,逻辑关系这样对我们今后留学进入学术阅读和paper写作,presentation才能打下基础。
#3 发表于:2016-08-30 [回复]
sunny讲得太好了,尤其是这节课比上节句子简化题的讲解更加有料,比如:这节课的句句有料和有问有答做得很好,收货很大!让我们从阅读中欣赏好句子,然后模仿到综合写作中!我相信英语学习就是通过每天的一点点积累而变好的! 希望sunny 能够出更多精彩的讲解视频!我会持续关注的!
#4 发表于:2016-08-30 [回复]
To:#sunny0209#: 谢谢
#5 发表于:2016-08-10 [回复]
To:#jane100#:这个没有视频,Thomas Daniel 应该是发错了。
#6 发表于:2016-08-09 [回复]
To:#ThomasDaniel#: 怎么看视频?
#7 发表于:2016-08-08 [回复]
哇哦!这次太赞了!是视频!!!感谢分享!!
#8 发表于:2016-07-29 [回复]
感觉sunny说得很细致~一会去下载PPT进行学习~~>,
#9 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
同意,第一步找主谓宾很重要。往往就是分句太多啦……
#10 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
感谢sunny的讲解,长难句确实很让人发愁。主要是一堆混在一起太乱乎了~辛苦啦~
#11 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
To:#HeyJude1098#:Jude,谢谢你的建议,你可以再说详细一些吗?是总体题型答案的排除,3选一;还是别的意思,详细些我就明白了。
#12 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
值得分享值得收藏棒棒哒
#13 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
最喜欢阅读的微课啦!
#14 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
可以讲讲3选1么?sunny的声音真好听!
#15 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
嗯嗯!讲的很清楚,明白简化题了!
#16 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
学习啦!多多分享~
#17 发表于:2016-07-26 [回复]
To:#Xiaodiu #:后面还有,谢谢你鼓励,如果有什么建议欢迎留言给我。
#18 发表于:2016-07-25 [回复]
来坐沙发喽
#19 发表于:2016-07-25 [回复]
讲的很棒!还会继续讲么?
#20 发表于:2016-07-25 [回复]